top of page
  • Writer's pictureOlayiwola Tosin

Switchable PDLC Smart Film vs PDLC Smart Glass: Understanding the Difference

Updated: Jun 2

In recent years, advanced smart technologies have transformed various industries by offering intelligent and versatile solutions. One significant area of innovation is in privacy solutions, particularly through the use of Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystal (PDLC) technology. This technology has led to the development of switchable PDLC smart films and PDLC smart glass, which offer dynamic privacy and aesthetic enhancement capabilities. Understanding the differences between these two options is crucial for making informed decisions. This article delves into the key aspects and differences between switchable PDLC smart film and PDLC smart glass.

Conference room interior with opaque glasses
Conference room interior with opaque glasses

1. Introduction to PDLC Smart Technology

PDLC smart technology represents a significant leap forward in the realm of privacy solutions and intelligent design. At its core, PDLC technology involves the use of tiny liquid crystal droplets dispersed within a polymer matrix. When an electric current is applied, these liquid crystals align to allow light to pass through, switching from an opaque to a transparent state. This switchable material offers remarkable flexibility and utility in various applications.

The innovative nature of PDLC technology facilitates a wide range of privacy solutions. Whether integrated into films or glass panels, it provides users with control over transparency levels at the flick of a switch. This intelligent design ensures that spaces can adapt to changing privacy needs without compromising aesthetic appeal.

2. What is a Switchable PDLC Smart Film?

Switchable PDLC smart film, often referred to simply as smart film, is an adhesive film that can be applied to existing glass surfaces. This makes it an excellent choice for retrofit applications. The installation process is relatively straightforward, involving the application of the film to the desired glass surface and connecting it to a power source. Once installed, the film can switch between clear and opaque states with the application of electrical voltage.

The flexibility of PDLC film is one of its significant advantages. It can be applied to a variety of glass surfaces, including windows, glass partitions, and even curved surfaces. Its adhesive nature ensures that it can be easily removed or replaced if needed, making it a versatile solution for changing privacy requirements.

3. What is PDLC Smart Glass?

PDLC smart glass, also known as smart glass, switchable glass or intelligent glass, involves the integration of PDLC technology into the glass panels themselves. These PDLC glass panels are manufactured with PDLC film embedded within two glass layers, resulting in a seamless, integrated appearance. Unlike PDLC film, which can be added and removed, PDLC smart glass represents a more permanent installation.

One of the primary applications of PDLC smart glass is in new construction projects where the technology can be incorporated from the ground up. The built-in nature of PDLC smart glass ensures a clean and professional look, as there are no visible films or adhesive layers. This makes it an attractive option for high-end architectural designs and commercial buildings.

4. Key Differences Between PDLC Smart Film and PDLC Smart Glass

The installation methods for PDLC smart film and PDLC smart glass differ significantly. PDLC film's adhesive nature allows it to be retrofitted onto existing glass surfaces with ease, making it ideal for renovations. In contrast, PDLC smart glass requires a more involved installation process, often necessitating professional expertise. This difference in installation methods can impact the overall project timeline and complexity.

Cost is another important factor to consider. Generally, PDLC smart film tends to be more cost-effective than PDLC smart glass. The lower cost of materials and simpler installation process contribute to this difference. However, PDLC smart glass often offers superior durability and a seamless appearance, justifying its higher price point for certain applications.

When it comes to durability, PDLC smart glass holds an edge due to its integrated construction. The built-in technology ensures that the glass panels remain intact and functional over a longer period, with minimal maintenance requirements. On the other hand, PDLC smart film, being an adhesive layer, may be more susceptible to wear and tear, particularly in high-traffic areas.

The choice between flexibility and permanence also plays a crucial role. PDLC smart film offers unmatched flexibility, allowing for easy removal and replacement as needed. This makes it an excellent option for spaces requiring frequent privacy changes. Meanwhile, PDLC smart glass provides a permanent solution that is ideal for long-term installations where stability and durability are paramount.

5. Choosing Between PDLC Smart Film and PDLC Smart Glass

When deciding between PDLC smart film and PDLC smart glass, several use case considerations come into play. For retrofit applications or existing structures, PDLC film presents a practical solution due to its ease of installation and cost-effectiveness. Conversely, for new construction projects where a seamless and integrated look is desired, PDLC smart glass is the preferred choice.

Budget constraints often influence the decision-making process. PDLC smart film, being more affordable, may be favoured in scenarios where cost savings are a priority. However, for projects with a higher budget and a focus on long-term investment, PDLC smart glass offers unparalleled aesthetics, security and longevity.

Retrofitting versus new construction is another critical factor. PDLC smart film excels in retrofitting scenarios, allowing for quick upgrades to existing spaces. In contrast, PDLC smart glass is better suited for new construction projects, where it can be seamlessly integrated during the building phase.

Aesthetic preferences and performance requirements should not be overlooked. PDLC smart glass, with its integrated design, provides a cleaner, tougher and more polished appearance, making it suitable for high-end applications. PDLC smart film, while versatile, may not achieve the same level of seamless integration but offers excellent performance and flexibility.


Both switchable PDLC smart film and PDLC smart glass offer unique advantages and applications. Understanding the key differences between these two options is essential for making informed decisions based on use case considerations, budget constraints, and aesthetic preferences. Smart Glass Africa is the leading manufacturer and installer in Nigeria, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Cameroon and Togo when it comes to expert advice and high-quality products around PDLC Smart technology to make your privacy solutions innovative and effective.


bottom of page